Keeping this site clean and authentic is a big priority to the people of Costa Rica and especially those Costa Ricans who live near it not only because it brings in tourism but they also really value the environment. In 2009, Guayabo was declared an "International Historic Civil Engineering Landmark" by the American Society of Civil Engineers because of its roads, walls and water channels represent remarkable civil engineering achievements by pre-Columbian civilization. The smoking Turrialba Volcano to the North, the valley with the town of Turrialba and the Angostura lake to the South; Santa Cruz and the Caribbean to the … Home » Costa Rica Attractions » Guayabo National Monument. Geography. As to why they disappeared, it is still not known. It is believed that the first settlers came to these parts around 1000 BC and had created a bustling city by … You will take a hike along the rocks engraved with animals and grave sites, and head up to the mirador where you can get a good view of the whole archeaelogical site. Some of the most prevalent explorers throughout the history of excavating for this site include Anastacio Alfaro, Carlos Aguilar, Oscar Fonseca, and Sergio Chávez. The National Monument covers about 2.3 square kilometres (0.89 sq mi) and is surrounded by rainforest plant vegetation causing it to be extremely vibrant green due to high precipitation and rich soils. When you travel to Costa Rica’s Central Valley, you can be part of an ancient mystery. If you are staying in San Jose, the archaeological treasure is about 65 kilometers away. It is also sought out by people because of its remoteness in the rainforest. To be more specific, the magnitude of the known part of the site, presumed to be its central portion, consists of 43 stone foundations, three aqueducts, two major roadways, dozens of smaller paths, and some stone tombs. Most of the site consists of the circular mounds that the conical wooden structures were once built on. It was initially populated beginning in about 1000 BCE, in the time of Israel’s King David, and then abandoned in 1400 CE, a century before the Spanish arrived, for reasons that remain a mystery. Believed to be the home of the Pre-Columbian people, this relic site was first discovered in the 1800s and was first excavated in the year of 1882. Monument Nacional Guayabo; Tipus: Protected area of Costa Rica (en) i jaciment arqueològic: Ubicació; Entitat territorial administrativa: Turrialba Canton (Costa Rica) (en) i Província de Cartago (Costa Rica) Unique in Costa Rica. Pay a visit to our Costa Rica history page! You will see circular mounds in different sizes – the biggest one belonging to the chief – and also 8-shaped and square foundations. The short answer is, no one knows. Charming, friendly, and set in a beautiful garden. My Costa Rica (CostaRica.Org) is a Travel Agency that offers Custom Costa Rica Vacations & Packages Including Hotels, All-Inclusive Resorts and Tours. Take advantage of the educational opportunities and also visit other nearby sites like the Guayabo butterfly farm. There are also great discoveries to be made in the details. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Today all that remains is an archaeological site that both intrigues and inspires. Researchers still to this day have not found any sign of why people might have left. The road is paved and has some beautiful scenery for you to enjoy along the way. Guayabo National Monument is a great day trip and when you are staying in San Jose or Cartago, you should definitely hit the road and go there. These are only a few pieces of the puzzle, but they seem to point to a civilization that had reached some level of sophistication as city builders So, what made 10.000 people just disappear even before the Spanish settlers first came to shore? On the way down, make sure to stop off at the Duran Sanatorium and explore Costa Rica’s most haunted ruins! As of 2020 no studies conducted using LIDAR have been made. , The current state of the structure is in good shape. The only remains of this once great city are circular mounds, cobblestoned pavements and evidence of highly refined aqueducts. Location : 12 miles north of Turrialba Guayabo Park centers on an archeological excavation of an ancient indigenous village, portions of which date back more than three thousand years. The rain forest areas surrounding the ancient ruins are lush and fertile. Studies have shown that the people of Guayabo did most of their own work although there is some data suggesting slavery may have been practiced. Certain parts of the excavations can also be admired in the National Museum in San Jose. It is located at a short distance from both locations in the district of Santa Teresita and the canton of Turrialba. Side note; the villagers used to live in huge communal-like conical houses with thatched roofs with most, if not all, of their family members. This is Guayabo Lodge on the slopes of the active Turrialba Volcano. They come here to buy fruits and vegetables as well as locally crafted produce like cheeses, but they also drop by for a visit and to catch up on what’s new in the area. We are a family run eco lodge, renown for our good service, accessible rates, and great views all around us. The tombs and petroglyphs were excavated by archaeologists in 1963 and show small insights into their rites and beliefs in both political and religious contexts. The road leading there is often filled with queuing cars so if you can go by bus, consider doing so because then you can just walk to the entrance. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. The National Monument covers about 2.3 square kilometres (0.89 sq mi) and is surrounded by rainforest plant vegetation causing it to be extremely vibrant green due to high precipitation and rich soils. After its initial settlement, settlers from Germany were encouraged to come to the area and mine the valuable minerals found in the hillsides surrounding Guayabo. If you lucky, you might even spot a sloth! Guayabo National Monument (Spanish: Monumento Nacional Guayabo), is located near the city of Turrialba, within the Central Conservation Area in the Cartago Province, Costa Rica. If you drive back to San Jose through Orosi, you will get a chance to admire the stunning Orosi Valley famous for its organic coffee farms. The people of Guayabo were known to be well aware of good engineering, which can be assumed by their use of aqueducts. It also helps that unlike other sites such as Machu Picchu where it gets over half a million visitors each year, Guayabo de Turrialba does not receive nearly as many visitors because it is not as popular so it is easier to maintain. Although, there is speculation that it might have had to do with something like disease or rival civilizations. When you travel to Costa Rica’s Central Valley, you can be part of an ancient mystery. © Copyright 2004-2021 all rights reserved. This national park is close to the city of Cartago and very easy to reach from San Jose. One of the most unique facts about the site is that only a small portion of it has been unearthed, excavated, and studied. What has been found and what the site consists of is the city's infrastructure, petroglyphs, tombs, and artifacts that were left behind and found by archaeologists in the 1960s during further excavations. There are sculptures and artifacts with crude but beautiful animal carvings like Jaguar and alligators. Make sure you explore the monument with one of the guided tours so you can get the most out of your visit. If you happen to be visiting Guayabo on a Friday or a Saturday, don’t miss the chance to shop at the Turrialba Farmer’s Market in the shadow of the Turrialba Volcano. Architecturally, back in the day, the main building probably served as both a symbol as well as a place to conduct public business. Guayabo National Monument is an archeological marvel that was discovered when the area was being cleared for coffee plantations in the late 1800’s. These were probably guardhouses that flank the road at this point and would have controlled access to the settlement.  Today, The site is open to the public daily and is a tourist attraction. There are measures being taken to make sure it stays the condition it is in today stays the same for the future. One of the most unique facts about the … There have been plenty of studies done on Guayabo that even use today's technologies, such as a study done a couple years ago that executed some remote sensing techniques to detect and map the roads in the region. Most historians believe the town was first settled by Christian Medina in the 19th century. When you arrive at the ranger station, you will be met by the park ranger who takes great pride out of protecting this historical site. There are a handful of theories including the plague or even volcanic activity. You can also do the hike alone but you will only be provided with the basic information on the panels at every view and resting point. At its peak, around 10.000 people used to live in this ancient city. After that, you can roam the lower regions of the site where you can get a closer look at the ancient source that is still providing water and the mounds that formed the base for the huts. You can explore the trails and view the 4 craters at top including the gorgeous, green main crater and the Diego de la Hoya crater, named after the man who registered the volcano’s first eruption in 1723. Are you interested in learning more about Costa Rica’s colorful past? For the genus of plants, see, "Raiders of the lost tribe: The ruins of Guayabo", "Interregional 'Landscapes of Movement' and the La Unión Archaeological District of Northeastern Costa Rica", "Guayabo National Monument: An Ancient Pre-Columbian City", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guayabo_National_Monument&oldid=988403150, Buildings and structures in Cartago Province, Articles to be expanded from November 2013, Articles needing translation from Spanish Wikipedia, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Guayabo district location in Costa Rica. That is considered the most impressive finding at the site. It is almost directly in the center of the country on the Southern slope of the Turrialba Volcano. Guayabo National Monument is an archeological marvel that was discovered when the area was being cleared for coffee plantations in the late 1800’s. The name Guayabo is believed to be derived from the dialect of a Costa Rica indigenous tribe. There are a couple of smaller hills to climb along the way and there is a special trail that is wheelchair accessible. Encuentros arqueológicos de la Urbanización que vivió hace 3000 años bajo las Faldas del Volcán Turrialba - Monumento Nacional Guayabo - Costa Rica. Everything has been preserved well and kept as authentic as possible. This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 23:32. The hike is 1.6 kilometers long and relatively easy. One mound in particular, Mound 1, stands out as it is the largest one of this culture and it is located in the center of the village. You will soon notice that the Monumento Nacional Guayabo is a lot more than just archaeological hints of a once great civilization. One can hike around the trails and observed the structures or tour it with a professional guide. Guayabo has an area of 8.99 km² and an elevation of 996 metres. A lot of the artifacts found when excavating, such as the stones and petroglyphs, represented animals such as jaguars and lizards. From Cartago, Guayabo is 40 kilometers away and you can reach it in an hour. This is a popular destination to visit because although Guayabo is similar to other excavated sites such as Machu Picchu, Chichen Itza, and other South American and Central American ruins in the sense that the artifacts and structures that can be found look similar, but it draws the public in due to the mystery of why it was abandoned and the fact that there is still a big portion of it that has not yet been excavated. When you are in the area, you should definitely pay a visit to Irazu, otherwise known as El Coloso. It is now protected within the Guayabo National Monument and is also a part of the Central Volcania Conservation Area. Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Costa Rica ... Guayabo is a district of the Mora canton, in the San José province of Costa Rica. The central market is lodged in the middle of a long, central lane leading up to the chief’s residence. There were tools that were found that suggested that Guayabo had people dedicated to growing agriculture which mainly consisted of roots such as yucca.  After ascending the stairs next to the center mound, visitors would have been greeted by a matching pair of structures, rectangular in shape. It has been estimated that there were about 10,000 people who were residents. , Following an 1891 excavation of a cemetery, near over 100 artifacts were displayed at the 1892 Historical American Exposition in Madrid and then much of the display was taken to the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois. It is by the far the largest and most important archeological site in Costa Rica. , Guayabo de Turrialba seems to have been a locus of social power in the wake of this período de integración. With Costa Rica being the most environmental conscious country in the world, it is not a surprise that they want to keep it clean. It is believed that the first settlers came to these parts around 1000 BC and had created a bustling city by 800 AD. There is an abundance of fauna and flora and if you are lucky, you might be able to spot some wildlife like coatis, toucans and armadillos amongst the dense foliage. It is almost directly in the center of the country on the Southern slope of the Turrialba Volcano. At its peak, around 10.000 people used to live in this ancient city. The 8-shaped mounds are unique to Guayabo and show a culture that is highly refined and experimental in its city building. Guayabo National Monument (Spanish: Monumento Nacional Guayabo), is located near the city of Turrialba, within the Central Conservation Area in the Cartago Province, Costa Rica. It has been open to the public since August 13, 1973. Here you can gain a valuable, cultural experience and be part of a great socializing occasion for the locals. , "Guayabo" redirects here. Unlike sone other sites in Costa Rica, here the tourists only pay 5 USD for the entrance ticket. To its front runs a paved road which connected the surrounding settlements, with it as far as 9km.
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