. Isabel de Francia (París, Reino de Francia, 1292 – Hertford, Hertfordshire, Reino de Inglaterra, 22 de agosto de 1358) fue la tercera y única hija del Rey Felipe IV de Francia y de la Reina Juana I de Navarra. C. Brainne, J. Debarbouiller, C. F. Lapierre: King Henry III gave the Duchy of Berry to his younger brother and heir presumptive, Archduke Ferdinand of Further Austria-Tyrol, "Complete Genealogy of the House of Habsburg", Genealogy Database by Daniel de Rauglaudre, Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, "Habsburg, Philipp I. der Schöne von Oesterreich", Isabella Clara Eugenia, Co-sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands, Maria Christina, Princess of Transylvania, Maria Maddalena, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Eleanor, Queen of Poland, Duchess of Lorraine, Maria Anna Josepha, Electoral Princess of the Palatinate, Maria Clementina, Hereditary Princess of Naples, Margaretha Klementine, Princess of Thurn and Taxis, Princess Karoline Marie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Maria Henrietta, Princess of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, Elisabeth Marie, Princess of Windisch-Graetz, Margarita, Marchioness Taliani di Marchio, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elisabeth_of_Austria,_Queen_of_France&oldid=987058895, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2012, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. He/She maintained correspondence with Margarita de Navarra, and sent two works composed, one on the word of God, and the other on the events more notable that occurred in France at the time. Ver más » Isabel de Portugal Isabel de Portugal (Lisboa, 24 de octubre de 1503-Toledo, 1 de mayo de 1539), fue la única esposa de Carlos I de … Queen of France, daughter of Maximiliano II, Emperor of Germany, who was born in 1554 and died in 1592. In early 1580, Elisabeth bought some lands near Stallburg and founded the Convent of Poor Clares Mary, Queen of Angels (Klarissinnenkloster Maria, Königin der Engel), also known as the Queen's Monastery (Königinkloster). Historia secreta de Isabel de Baviera, reina de Francia, es una novela histórica. Curious about his future wife, Charles dressed himself as a soldier and went to Sedan, where he mixed in the crowd of courtiers to observe her incognito, while his brother Henry was showing her the architecture of the fortress of Sedan. She was the eldest daughter of King Henry IV of France and his second spouse Marie de' Medici  According to Brantôme, the following morning, shocked upon learning from someone in her entourage about the massacre, she asked if her husband knew. By letters patent dated 21 November 1575, Henry III gave her the County of La Marche as her dower; In addition, she received the title of Duchess of Berry and in 1577 she obtained the duchies of Auvergne and Bourbon in exchange. However, Charles IX already had a long-term mistress, Marie Touchet, who famously quoted: "The German girl doesn't scare me" (L'Allemande ne me fait pas peur); after a brief infatuation with his teenage bride, Charles IX soon returned to his mistress. In 1588, she obtained the consent of her brother, Maximilian, as Coadjutor of the Teutonic Order, to have some of the bones of Saint Elisabeth of Hungary, placed in Marburg, sent to her. Her mother Maria personally supervised the religious education of her daughters, and from her early childhood Elisabeth was impressed by her namesake Saint Elisabeth of Hungary and reportedly took her as a model. Brainne, C, Debarbouiller, J., Lapierre, C. F., This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 17:22. María Isabel de Valois (27 de octubre de 1545 -2 de abril de 1558). Having become a widower at the age of twenty and later lost her only daughter, to whom he/she loved very much, returned to his country to meet with his brother, the Emperor Rodolfo II; He/She refused marriage with Felipe II of Spain, and lived austerely in the monastery of Santa Clara, who had founded, using the incomes of some provinces of France, that it had left in works of charity as a widowed Queen. After her departure from France, Elisabeth maintained a regular correspondence with her sister-in-law Queen Margaret of Navarre, and when the latter was ostracised from the rest of the royal family, she made half of the revenues she received from France available to her. Fue la hija del rey Francisco I y la reina consorte Leonor de Austria.Nació en el Palacio del … Isabel de Austria fue archiduquesa de Austria, hija del emperador Maximiliano II de Habsburgo y de María de Austria y Portugal, infanta de España. By the time of her birth, the health of Marie Elisabeth's father was deteriorating rapidly, and after long suffering, in which Elisabeth rendered him silent support and prayed for his recovery, Charles IX died on 30 May 1574; Elisabeth wept "tears so tender, and so secret," according to Brantôme, at his bedside.. Elisabeth henceforth devoted her life to following the example of her convent's holy patron in the exercise of piety, relief of the poor, and health care. Elisabeth of France or Isabel of Bourbon (22 November 1602 – 6 October 1644) was Queen Consort of Spain (1621 to 1644) and Portugal (1621 to 1640) as the first spouse of King Philip IV of Spain.She served as regent of Spain during the Catalan Revolt in 1640-42 and 1643-44. The child was named Marie Elisabeth after her grandmother, Empress Maria, and Queen Elizabeth I of England, who were her godmothers. Fue una princesa católica, considerada una de las mujeres más bellas de su época. Elisabeth died on 22 January 1592 victim of pleurisy, and was buried under a simple marble slab in the church of her convent.  During her childhood, she lived with her older sister Anna and younger brother Matthias in a pavilion in the gardens of the newly built Stallburg, part of the Hofburg Palace complex in Vienna. About her death, Brantôme wrote: In the course of the Josephinist reforms, the Queen's monastery was closed in 1782 in order to create the Lutheran City Church. In France, where Busbecq managed her properties, Elisabeth built a Jesuit college in Bourges, although she never received the monetary revenues from her domains.  In 1562, the Maréchal de Vieilleville, a member of the French delegation sent to Vienna, after seeing the eight-year-old princess, exclaimed: "Your Majesty, this is the Queen of France!". When a new proposal of marriage was made to her, this time from King Philip II of Spain after the death of his wife Anna in 1580, she again refused; according to Brantôme, she replied to the offer with the famous phrase: "The Queens of France do not remarry" (Les Reines de France ne se remarient point), once said by Blanche of Navarre, widow of King Philip VI. Very early, around 1559, a match between Elisabeth and the Duke of Orléans, the future King Charles IX of France was suggested. Two months later, on 27 October 1572, Elisabeth gave birth to her first and only child, a daughter, in the Louvre Palace. He/She married Carlos IX of France in 1570, and lived always away from politics and turned to works of piety; had no news of the massacre of St. Bartholomew until after of executed and expressed great grief. Even impoverished daughters of the nobility found her support. Quite advanced in pregnancy at the time, (she was seven months pregnant), she did not publicly rejoice at so many deaths - like other prominent Catholics did.  Then, she disappeared from public life. The new queen officially entered Paris four days later, on 29 March. Her wedding ring was given to another brother Ernest. Although Vieilleville was not entitled to make an offer, Elisabeth's grandfather, the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I, appeared interested: gifts were exchanged and contacts initiated between the two courts — but no one bothered to teach French to the young princess. The occasion was celebrated with immense pomp and extravagance, despite the dire state of French finances. Se casó con Carlos IX de Francia en 1570, y vivió siempre apartada de la política y entregada a obras de piedad; no tuvo noticias de la matanza de San Bartolomé hasta después de ejecutada y … Elisabeth was the fifth child and second daughter of her parents' sixteen children, of whom eight survived infancy. Español: Retrato de la reina Isabel de Austria (1554-1592), que fue hija del emperador Maximiliano II de Habsburgo y reina consorte de Francia por su matrimonio con el rey Carlos IX de Francia. Elisabeth spoke German, Spanish, Latin and Italian with fluency, but she learned French with difficulty; also, she felt lonely in the lively and dissolute French court; yet, one of her few friends was her sister-in-law, Margaret of Valois, who was not known for her virtue. Biography of Queen of Francia Isabel de Austria (1554-1592) Queen of France, daughter of Maximiliano II, Emperor of Germany, who was born in 1554 and died in 1592. Elisabeth was first married by proxy on 22 October 1570 in the cathedral of Speyer, her uncle, Archduke Ferdinand of Further Austria-Tyrol, standing as proxy for Charles IX. Since the wedding took place far away from Paris, it was only in the spring that the German-French alliance was celebrated once again with magnificent feasts in the capital. 1573. By order of Emperor Joseph II, Elisabeth's remains were transferred to one of the crypts beneath St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna. Because of bad weather upon arrival in France, where constant rain had made roads impassable, the decision was taken to have the official wedding celebrated in the small border town of Mézières, in Champagne, (now Charleville-Mézières). Despite her strong opposition to Protestantism in France, she was horrified when she received news of the Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre begun on 24 August 1572, and which continued for several days afterwards, when thousands of French Protestants were slaughtered in Paris. The curious princess soon joined and even overshadowed them in their studies. A member of the House of Habsburg, she was the daughter of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, and Maria of Spain. El último libro escrito por Sade. After long celebrations, on 4 November she left Austria accompanied by high-ranking German dignitaries, including the Archbishop-Elector of Trier. Her last great tragedy came on 2 April 1578, when her five-and-half-year-old daughter Marie Elisabeth died. Biography of Queen of Francia Isabel de Austria. Her father Maximilian visited her often and Elisabeth seems to have been his favorite child. King Charles IX of France and Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria were formally married on 26 November 1570 in Mézières; Charles, Cardinal de Bourbon, performed the ceremony. After having completed the 40 days mourning period, Elisabeth - now called la Reine blanche (the White Queen), as, by custom, white clothing was worn by the widow of the deceased King of France after the initial mourning period - was compelled by her father to return to Vienna. Still, she was intellectually talented. In addition, Catherine de' Medici made sure that her new daughter-in-law was kept out of the affairs of state. Cuenta la historia subjetiva de la esposa del rey Carlos VI, supuestamente culpable de todos los males de Francia Era hija del rey español Felipe IV y de la primera de sus esposas, Isabel de Borbón (hija de Enrique IV de Francia). Her Spanish, German, French, Italian and Latin books from her library, a number of works of the Jesuit preacher Georg Scherer, a book of prophecies of the French astrologer Nostradamus written in 1571, and the tragedy of Antigone of the ancient Greek poet Sophocles were left to her brother, Emperor Rudolf II. Told that he not only knew about it, but was its initiator, exclaimed: "Oh, my God! For other people named Elisabeth of Austria, see, Generations are numbered by male-line descent from, Upon the death of his older brother, King.  During those days, Elisabeth was given petitions to speak for the innocent, and she managed to assure a promise to spare the lives of the foreign (especially numerous German) Protestants. The occasion was celebrated with immense pomp and extravagance, despite the dire state of French finances. Isabel de Austria (Viena, 1554 - 1592) Reina de Francia, hija de Maximiliano II, emperador de Alemania. Elisabeth was so delighted about her husband that she, to general amusement, did not hesitate to kiss him in front of others. King Charles IX of France and Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria were formally married on 26 November 1570 in Mézières; Charles, Cardinal de Bourbon, performed the ceremony. She was also regarded as demure, pious, and warmhearted but naive and intensely innocent because of her sheltered upbringing. Shortly before, Emperor Maximilian II made the proposition of a new marriage for her, this time with her deceased husband's brother and successor, King Henry III of France; however, she, as well as Henry, firmly refused. Catherine de' Medici, mother of Charles IX, and the power behind the throne, initially preferred Elisabeth's elder sister Anna; but the latter was already chosen as the new wife of her uncle King Philip II of Spain. What is this? Only in 1569, after the failure of marriage plans with Frederick II of Denmark and Sebastian of Portugal, the French offer was seriously considered. Download this stock image: Isabel de Austria, reina de Francia. Who are these counselors who gave him such advice? On 12 October 1576, her beloved father Maximilian II died, and her brother Rudolf II succeeded him as Holy Roman Emperor. In her will, Elizabeth donated money not only to the poor and sick, but also included funds for prayers for her late husband in the convent's church. The new queen's wedding dress was of cloth of silver sprinkled with pearls, and her tiara was studded with pearls, emeralds, diamonds, sapphires and rubies.  Charles was reportedly delighted (enchanté) with the sight of her. Busbecq, her former tutor who accompanied her to France, was made Lord Chamberlain of her Household, and Madeleine of Savoy was appointed her Première dame d'honneur. de Francia, hermano de Isabel de Francia. Ana María Mauricia de Austria y Austria-Estiria (Valladolid, España, 22 de septiembre de 1601-París, 20 de enero de 1666) fue infanta de España y Portugal por ser hija de los reyes Felipe III de España y Margarita de Austria-Estiria, y reina consorte de Francia y de Navarra por su matrimonio con Luis XIII. Elisabeth, shocked with the licentious ways of the French court, dedicated her time to embroidery work, reading and especially the practice of charitable and pious works. Because of the difficult journey and the cold weather, at the beginning of 1571 Elisabeth fell ill. They enjoyed a privileged and secluded childhood, and were raised in the Roman Catholic religion. With her flawless white skin, long blond hair and perfect physique, she was considered one of the great beauties of the era. Se casó con Carlos IX de Francia en 1570, y vivió siempre apartada de la política y entregada a obras de piedad; no tuvo noticias de la matanza de San Bartolomé hasta después de ejecutada y … Reina de Francia de origen español nacida en El Escorial el 20 de septiembre de 1638 y muerta en Versalles el 30 de julio de 1683. de Francia). She resembled him, not only in appearance but also in character: Elisabeth was just as intelligent and charming as her father. Back in Vienna, Elisabeth lived at first in the residence of her childhood, Stallburg. However, the royal couple had a warm and supportive relationship. Brantôme relates that on one occasion, Elisabeth sent to Margaret two books (now lost) written by her: a devotional work (Sur la parole de Dieu) and a historical work (Sur les événements considérables qui arrivèrent en France de son temps). Elisabeth acquired several relics for her convent. Fue además, hermana  On 28 August 1575, Elisabeth visited her almost three-year-old daughter in Amboise for the last time, and on 5 December she left Paris. Elisabeth's brothers were educated by the Flemish writer and diplomat Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq. Her one controversial act was to make a point of rejecting the attentions of Protestant courtiers and politicians by refusing the Huguenot leader, Gaspard II de Coligny the permission to kiss her hand when he paid homage to the royal family.. Before reaching her destination, Elisabeth stayed in Sedan, where her husband's two younger brothers Henry, Duke of Anjou and François, Duke of Alençon, greeted her. My God, I ask of you to forgive him..." Then she asked for her book of hours and began to pray. English: Portrait of Elizabeth of Austria (1554-1592), Queen consort of Charles IX of France. On 25 March 1571, Elisabeth was consecrated as Queen of France by the Archbishop of Reims at the Basilica of St Denis. Charles realised that the liberal ways of the French Court might shock Elisabeth and, along with his mother, made an effort to shield her from its excesses. Elisabeth of Austria (5 July 1554 – 22 January 1592) was Queen of France from 1570 to 1574 as the wife of King Charles IX. She continued to hear mass twice a day, and was appalled at how little respect was shown for religion by the supposedly Catholic courtiers.