; We're not going to paint our bedroom tomorrow. My boss isn't going to be very happy! Task No. 5. 3. Exercise 1. We are saying what we think will happen. What is the function of an interrogative sentence? Here are some examples: The sky is very black. You're going to miss your train! Ann's going to make a sandwich for dinner. Going to affirmative negative and interrogative practise the structure of going to sentences in affirmative, negative and interogative ID: 225470 Idioma: inglés Asignatura: English as a Second Language (ESL) Curso/nivel: 2º secundaria Edad: 12-13 Tema principal: Going to future By the end of this lesson, you will be able to ask yes-no and open-ended questions about future events. ; When are you going to go on holiday? O going to é uma expressão utilizada no inglês para falar de planos e intenções futuras. Going is mainly used to refer to our plans and intentions or to make predictions based on present evidence. However, here the word order is usually changed to put the verb before the subject. Who is the best shortstop in the Major Leagues? 8. When are the best days to go to the mall? It's 8.30! 2. He says he's going to buy a Porsche. Intermediate. We be at the party on Saturday night. 1361. Is it going to rain a lot in Australia this year?. Interrogative sentences can be in positive or negative form, and in any tense. These questions are designed to be answered simply with either an affirmative or a negative. Función. Do you need help? Example: on the wall? We use going to when we have the intention to do something before we speak. Show example. Will you be home soon, or should I eat without you? An interrogative sentence asks a direct question and is punctuated at the end with a question mark. Questions without question words in the going to-future. 3. When we use going in a phrase to talk about the future, the form is composed of three elements:the verb to be conjugated to match the subject + going + the infinitive of the main verb. These direct questions will lead you to the answers you seek in the most straightforward manner. Auxiliary Subject going to Verb Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n't) Are: you: going to 4. Bill's going to wear a suit to the wedding. 7. She's going to have a party for her birthday. Interrogative sentences allow you to gather information and clear up confusion as well as engage in interesting conversations with others. When you want an answer to a question, it's crucial to ask it directly in your writing or speaking, instead of creating an indirect question like this. You're going to phone Phil tomorrow. A declarative sentence makes a statement and follows standard subject-verb word order, but you can add a short question offset by a comma to make it an interrogative fragment. Interrogative sentences allow you to gather information and clear up confusion as well as engage in interesting conversations with others. El uso de "going to" para referirse a eventos futuros sugiere un vínculo muy sólido con el presente.El momento preciso no es relevante, es posterior al ahora, pero la actitud implica que dicho evento depende de algo que sabemos sobre la situación actual. It's going to rain soon. Function. Would you like cookies or a banana for dessert? It's also useful in writing as an organizational tool; for example, you can set up questions as headers and answer them to explain a concept in more detail in expository writing. This happens frequently in direct questions: In addition to the open-ended interrogative sentences described above, there are a few other types of interrogatives. For example: These are "or" questions that are designed to offer one or more choices in the context of the question. Negative and Interrogative Sentences With Be Going To, Be ~Ing: Is Jim going to cook dinner for us? It is one of the four basic types of sentences, and it's a highly useful one. Ou seja, quando uma ação já está planejada e irá acontecer num futuro próximo. The climate of Australia is significantly influenced by ocean currents, including the Indian Ocean Dipole and the El Niño – Southern Oscillation, which is correlated with periodic drought, and the seasonal tropical low-pressure system that produces ciclones in northern Australia. The purpose of this sentence is to report that he asked something, it is not to ask the question "Do you still want to go to the show?". 5. 6. Uso de "going to" para referirse a planes e intenciones I crashed the company car. 4. Interrogative sentences allow you to gather information and clear up confusion as well as engage in interesting conversations with others. In these cases, the subject comes between the helping verb and the main verb. It asks us something or requests information (as opposed to a statement which tells us something or gives information). He asked if I still wanted to go to the show. Sentence Practice. The use of going to refer to future events suggests a very strong association with the present.The time is not important, it is later than now, but the attitude is that the event depends on something in the present situation that we know about. I'm not going to see him tomorrow. How do we use going to? I'm going to eat that cake. Mind the word order in questions. (tú) No vas a nadar a la playa. going to for prediction. The verb comes before the subject in a direct question. 1. In everyday speech, going to is often shortened to gonna, especially in American English, but it is never written that way. Don write a letter at the weekend. For example: Whether open-ended or not, interrogative sentences always ask direct questions. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. For example: In this sentence, "deadline" is the subject and "is" is the verb. For example: Tag questions are added on to the end of declarative sentences. All rights reserved. Put in the verbs in brackets into the gaps. Subject auxiliarY Going to verb (Infinitive) Examples; I: am not 'm not: going to: swim: I'm not going to swim at the beach. While your meaning may still be clear, it is a little rambling and not technically an interrogative sentence. For example: Often times an interrogative sentence requires a helping verb. Example sentences, explanations and exercises for students and teachers Read about declarative, imperative and exclamatory sentences in our Types of Sentences article. En el discurso cotidiano, "going to" suele acortarse como "gonna", especialmente en inglés americano, aunque nunca se escribe así. Like all complete sentences in English, an interrogative sentence must contain a subject and a verb. It's going to snow. 1. (main verb is elided). Don't forget to use the short form. going to for intention. (yo) No voy a nadar a la playa. 2. They walk the dog later. We have already made a decision before speaking. It should be noted that this is different from indirect questions, which are declarative sentences that report a question that was asked in another context. We're going to go to the dentist's next week. The time is not important, it is later than now, but the attitude is that the event depends on something in the present situation that we know about. Example: I _____ see him tomorrow. They start with a verb or helping verb followed by the subject. Examine the examples below to get a feel for how this works in practice: In some cases, the question word itself serves as the subject of the sentence, because the subject is unknown — in fact, answering the question will provide the subject. (past form of the going-to future, formed with the past copula were) Yes I'm going to. It's also useful in writing as an organizational tool; for example, you can set up questions as headers and answer them to explain a concept in … All Rights Reserved. Could you imagine life without questions? She: She's not going to swim at the beach. You: are not aren't: You're not going to swim at the beach. Ele é usado quando a pessoa já decidiu o que vai fazer. I was wondering if I could buy you dinner. To eliminate confusion, begin a question with a question word or verb and end it with a question mark to make sure you have really made an interrogative sentence. (él) No va a nadar a la playa. (negative interrogative form) We were going to tell you earlier. Use the going to-future. Going To - Negative Complete the following sentences using the negative of going to. They also begin with a verb or a helping verb. 9. (the cat/to sit) Answer: Is the cat going to sit on the wall? "Going to" se emplea sobre todo para hablar de nuestros planes e intenciones, o para realizar predicciones basadas en evidencias actuales. Our prediction is based on present evidence. Tag questions usually ask for confirmation. I don’t know. Is Jim going to cook dinner for us tonight? Questions in the going to-future – Exercise 2. Ellen and Harry are going to watch TV tonight. We use object + am / is / are + going to + be + verb3 (past participle) to form going to future passive voice. He: is not isn't: He's not going to swim at the beach. Do you think I should go home or stay a little longer? The going to of this future construction is frequently contracted in colloquial English to (be) gonna, and in some forms of English the copula may also be omitted. For example: In this sentence, the subject "Suzie" is sandwiched between the helping verb "did" and the main verb "leave." The basic function (job) of an interrogative sentence is to ask a direct question. We often use going to to make a prediction about the future. What next? Â© EF Education First 2020. For example: The word "if" sets up the indirect question that is embedded in this declarative sentence. Look at these examples: Jo has won the lottery. It's also useful in writing as an organizational tool; for example, you can set up questions as headers and answer them to explain a concept in … Is the dog okay, or should we go to the vet? An open-ended question usually begins with a "question word" in English: So start your open-ended interrogative sentence with a question word, then continue the sentence with the verb and the subject. The use of going to refer to future events suggests a very strong association with the present.
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